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Corundum
Corindon azulEZ
Corundum (Picture: Eurico Zimbres)
Uses Gemstone and abrasive
Color Brown, pink, or blue; but may be colorless or any color
Streak White
Luster Adamantine to vitreous to dull
Diaphaneity Transparent, translucent to opaque
Cleavage None
Luster Adamantine to vitreous to dull
Hardness 9
Specific Gravity 4.02
Distinguishing Characteristics Characterized by its great hardness, high luster, specific gravity, and parting. Infusible.
Crystal System Hexagonal
Chemical Classification Hematite Group X2O3
Chemical Composition Al2O3

Corundum is a very hard mineral that is commonly cut into gem stones. Corundum in it's natural state is clear, but it often collects impurities forming types such as Sapphire and Ruby. Corundum is the second-hardest hardness on the Mohs Scale.

Because of its hardness, corundum is often used industrially to create things such as abrasives and plastic making machine parts.

Corundum usually occurs naturally in mica schist or gneiss.

RubyEdit

Rubies are highly valued for their exquisite look in jewelery. They are made of Aluminun oxide and other materials seep into Corundum. The formula for Rubies is (Al2O3::Cr). Rubies are also have a color of transparent red and are the birthstone of July.

SapphireEdit

Sapphire refers to the gem varieties with the minerals corundum, and aluminum oxide (Al2O3) when it a color other than red. A star sapphire is a semi-rare type of sapphire that shows a star-like phenomenon known as asterism. Star sapphires contain intersecting needle-like inclusions that cause the appearance of a six-rayed 'star' pattern when viewed with a single lightsource over the sapphire. Sapphire is also the birthstone of September.

ReferencesEdit

"Corundum." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 16 Dec. 2012. Web. 23 Dec. 2012.

Dutrow, Barbara. "Chapter 16." Mineral Science. By Cornelis Klein. 23RD ed. N.p.: n.p., n.d. 376-77. Print.

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