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LithologyEdit

Stratigraphic relationsEdit

Base of sedimentary sequence in Central Luzon; unconformably overlain by the Moriones Formation

DistributionEdit

Aksitero River, Bigbiga, Mayantoc, Tarlac

AgeEdit

Late Eocene – Late Oligocene

ThicknessEdit

Bigbiga limestone - 42 m Burgos Member - 78 m

Named byEdit

Amato (1965)

DescriptionEdit

The Aksitero Formation is the oldest sedimentary formation in the west flank of the Central Luzon Basin. It was described by Amato (1965) after exposures along the upper reaches of Aksitero River in the vicinity of Bigbiga in the western foothills of Zambales Range. It represents the sedimentary cover of the Zambales Ophiolite and is made up of pelagic limestone and clastic rocks. The limestone is thin- to thick-bedded, cream to dirty white and tuffaceous. It is interbedded with thin calcareous and tuffaceous sandy shale. Below the limestone are lenses of rounded to ellipsoidal, generally discontinuous, reddish calcareous chert (Villones, 1980). Smaller chert lenses are interbedded with the limestone which gradually disappear upsection. Amato (1965) gave an age of Late Eocene to Early Oligocene to this formation based on the presence of Hantkenina alakamensis Cushman, Globorotalia cerroazulenses Calc, Globorotalia centralis Cushman and Bermudez and Discoaster barbadiensis Tan Sin Hok in the lower part; and Globorotalia opima nana Balli and Globigerina cipeoensis angustiumbilicata Balli in the upper part. In 1984, Schweller and others (1984) divided the Aksitero into a lower Bigbiga limestone member consisting of micritic limestone interbedded with tuffaceous turbidites and an upper Burgos member of interlayered limestone and indurated calcareous and tuffaceous sandstone, siltstone and mudstone. The lower member, which is 42 m thick, was dated Late Eocene to Early Oligocene and the upper 78-m member was dated Middle to Late Oligocene. Thus the age is Late Eocene to Late Oligocene and the aggregate thickness is about 120 m. Garrison and others (1979) stated that the hemipelagic limestone and tuffaceous turbidites of the Aksitero were probably deposited at depths of at least 1000 m in a subsiding basin adjacent to an active arc system.

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